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Artigos

v. 9 (2022): Revista de Estudos Empíricos em Direito

VISÕES SOBRE MEDIDAS RESTRITIVAS ENTRE PROFISSIONAIS DO DIREITO BRASILEIROS DURANTE O SURTO DA COVID-19: UMA ANÁLISE EXPLORATÓRIA DE PESQUISA RÁPIDA

Enviado
setembro 3, 2021
Publicado
2022-08-15

Resumo

A COVID-19 teve profundo impacto nas vidas de indivíduos, organizações e países no mundo. Profissionais e instituições do direito não estiveram ausentes dessa história. Governos adotaram diferentes abordagens para lidar com a pandemia, as quais – num contexto de relações sociais cada vez mais judicializadas – geraram inevitáveis disputas judiciais. No centro dessas disputas estiveram medidas restritivas como proibição do funcionamento de negócios não-essenciais, restrições à circulação de pessoas e quarentena obrigatória para infectados. Essas disputas foram ainda enredadas em conflitos políticos e polarização, como bem exemplifica o caso do Brasil sob Jair Bolsonaro. Nesse cenário, este artigo investiga: Os(as) profissionais do direito no Brasil entenderam as medidas restritivas e o poder de entes governamentais de editá-las como sendo consistentes com ‘o direito’? O que explica a variação nessas visões? Explorando dados de uma pesquisa rápida realizada durante o surto de pandemia no país, o artigo aponta para o papel de variáveis como compreensões e experiência da pandemia, orientação e atitudes políticas, e o nexo entre conhecimento jurídico e Estado na determinação das atitudes dessa população. Discute-se as implicações desses achados para estudos sobre profissionais do direito, pandemias e o Estado de Direito no Brasil e para além do Brasil.

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